- Symmetrieen liggen aan de basis van de fundamentele theorieen over ruimte, materie en tijd, die zelf nieuwe vragen stellen aan de wiskunde.
- Discrete wiskunde en slimme algoritmes zijn nodig om om te gaan met enorme datastromen, cryptologie, en multischaal modelleren.
- Een hoog-dimensionaal periodiek systeem van nanodeeltjes: hoe bepalen bouwstenen, geometrie en symmetrie de eigenschappen?
- Ook al maken discrete algoritmen groot verschil in big data en complexe modellen, is investering in grote rekeninfrastructuur nodig.
- Welke vragen naar fundamentele bouwstenen van materie zijn fundamenteel onbeslisbaar, en hoe bewijs je dat?
High Energy Physics
- We need Big Science to understand, make and break symmetry in the Universe.
- Instrumentation can build bridges.
- True knowledge emerges from testing dreams and visions by concrete experiments.
- Particles from the universe have no boundaries, so why should science?
- Early involvement of industry in large science projects strengthens competences and brings future projects closer.
- Astroparticle physics is a multidisciplinary field combining particle physics, astronomy and cosmology and connects to oceanography and meteorology.
- Symmetry and its breaking on scales from small to big is fundamental to physics and mathematics.
- Astroparticle physics breaks barriers between astronomy and physics in research as well as in outreach.”
- Different fields have similar detector technology needs – e.g. materials scientists could exploit fast X-ray detectors from astronomy.
- National database of technical expertise would foster cross-disciplinary collaboration and accelerate science output.
- All fields share common problem: how to link micro to macro scales.
- Synergy versus emergence? A challenge for the philosophers of science to pick up?
- Quantum systems, superfluidity, superconductivity, degenerate stars links can be much, much stronger!
- Jargon breaking to understand common core concepts is key to collaboration.
- In science we need to be asking fundamental questions including those from philosophy because breakthroughs cannot be predicted
- Philosophy is needed to ask the correct questions in areas where fundamental new physics may appear such in as in the field of dark matter/energy and emergent phenomena
- Cosmology is a natural meeting ground to reconnect the
sciences and the humanities.
- Cosmology is a showcase of the added value of
interdisciplinary research between physics, astronomy,
mathematics, and computer science.
- The exploration of the cosmos pushes forward the
boundaries of technology and the handling of large volumes
- Cosmology inspires the general public and the
- No Higgs without superconductivity, no superconductivity without Higgs.
- Curiosity-driven research: go to such extremes to make things ripe for serendipity.
- Teach students that emergent quantum phenomena lie at the basis of technological revolution.
- Within a well-functioning knowledge chain the transfer of useful information requires the ability to translate our own scientific language.
- To understand emergent phenomena on all length and time scales we need theory, algorithms, and computing power that is presently lacking.
- Emergent phenomena on different length and time scales conceptually relate but we don’t know how.
- Atoms, molecules and nanoclusters are programmable building blocks to understand and obtain control over emergent phenomena.
- Exactly solvable mathematical models elucidate the nature of emergence.
- The universe consists of a hierarchy of emergent phenomena, emergence on the smaller scale creates the building blocks for the next.
- Natural sciences have to make a phase transition from equilibrium models to far out-of-equilibrium descriptions
- We must test the fundamental laws to their limit, at large densities, with many participants and in extreme situations.
- Emergence (the whole is more than the sum of its parts) is a shared concept that manifests itself from the nanoscale to the galactic scale, from inert systems, to (artificial) intelligence and life itself.
- Emergence has the potential to breach the next frontier of in- and out-of-equilibrium multiscale systems.
- Sharing computational concepts, tools and algorithms in this heyday of massive computing and having excellent infrastructure are key in achieving these goals.