• Symmetrieen liggen aan de basis van de fundamentele theorieen over ruimte, materie en tijd, die zelf nieuwe vragen stellen aan de wiskunde.
  • Discrete wiskunde en slimme algoritmes zijn nodig om om te gaan met enorme datastromen, cryptologie, en multischaal modelleren.
  • Een hoog-dimensionaal periodiek systeem van nanodeeltjes: hoe bepalen bouwstenen, geometrie en symmetrie de eigenschappen?
  • Ook al maken discrete algoritmen groot verschil in big data en complexe modellen, is investering in grote rekeninfrastructuur nodig.
  • Welke vragen naar fundamentele bouwstenen van materie zijn fundamenteel onbeslisbaar, en hoe bewijs je dat?

High Energy Physics

  • We need Big Science to understand, make and break symmetry in the Universe.
  • Instrumentation can build bridges.
  • True knowledge emerges from testing dreams and visions by concrete experiments.

Astroparticle Physics

  • Particles from the universe have no boundaries, so why should science?
  • Early involvement of industry in large science projects strengthens competences and brings future projects closer.
  • Astroparticle physics is a multidisciplinary field combining particle physics, astronomy and cosmology and connects to oceanography and meteorology.
  • Symmetry and its breaking on scales from small to big is fundamental to physics and mathematics.
  • Astroparticle physics breaks barriers between astronomy and physics in research as well as in outreach.”


  • Different fields have similar detector technology needs – e.g. materials scientists could exploit fast X-ray detectors from astronomy.
  • National database of technical expertise would foster cross-disciplinary collaboration and accelerate science output.
  • All fields share common problem: how to link micro to macro scales.
  • Synergy versus emergence? A challenge for the philosophers of science to pick up?
  • Quantum systems, superfluidity, superconductivity, degenerate stars links can be much, much stronger!
  • Jargon breaking to understand common core concepts is key to collaboration.


  • In science we need to be asking fundamental questions including those from philosophy because breakthroughs cannot be predicted
  • Philosophy is needed to ask the correct questions in areas where fundamental new physics may appear such in as in the field of dark matter/energy and emergent phenomena


  • Cosmology is a natural meeting ground to reconnect the
    sciences and the humanities.
  • Cosmology is a showcase of the added value of
    interdisciplinary research between physics, astronomy,
    mathematics, and computer science.
  • The exploration of the cosmos pushes forward the
    boundaries of technology and the handling of large volumes
    of data.
  • Cosmology inspires the general public and the
    future generations.

Quantum matter

  • No Higgs without superconductivity, no superconductivity without Higgs.
  • Curiosity-driven research: go to such extremes to make things ripe for serendipity.
  • Teach students that emergent quantum phenomena lie at the basis of technological revolution.
  • Within a well-functioning knowledge chain the transfer of useful information requires the ability to translate our own scientific language.


  • To understand emergent phenomena on all length and time scales we need theory, algorithms, and computing power that is presently lacking.
  • Emergent phenomena on different length and time scales conceptually relate but we don’t know how.
  • Atoms, molecules and nanoclusters are programmable building blocks to understand and obtain control over emergent phenomena.
  • Exactly solvable mathematical models elucidate the nature of emergence.
  • The universe consists of a hierarchy of emergent phenomena, emergence on the smaller scale creates the building blocks for the next.
  • Natural sciences have to make a phase transition from equilibrium models to far out-of-equilibrium descriptions


  • We must test the fundamental laws to their limit, at large densities, with many participants and in extreme situations.
  • Emergence (the whole is more than the sum of its parts) is a shared concept that manifests itself from the nanoscale to the galactic scale, from inert systems, to (artificial) intelligence and life itself.
  • Emergence has the potential to breach the next frontier of in- and out-of-equilibrium multiscale systems.
  • Sharing computational concepts, tools and algorithms in this heyday of massive computing and having excellent infrastructure are key in achieving these goals.